Direct action conducted against enemy situated in an urban environment. In the South African Special Forces context these urban environments include built-up metropolitan areas with their network of water, sewerage and electricity reticulation, but it also incorporates informal settlements built of wood, corrugated iron and cardboard.
The focus of South African Special Forces operations conducted in urban areas is hostage release and limited offensive tasks with the purpose of eliminating pockets of armed resistance. The term therefore also extends to specific operations conducted on aircraft, trains, ships and buses, mostly for the purpose of releasing hostages and eliminating the armed hostage-takers.
TOP OF CLASS
An extract from the recollections of James Oberholzer about the first SF operator to be killed in action during the war...
XMAS AT CUITO
An extract from the diaries of Justin Vermaak regarding the battle of Cuito Cuanavale -a turning point in Southern African History...